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"10 Secrets to Healthy Hooves"
by Gwenyth Browning Jones Santagate

"10 Secrets to Healthy Hooves", with nearly 200 pages of new material including illustrations and photographs, will surely add a new dynamic to any horse enthusiasts library.  With over 40 years of experience working with equines, Gwen Santagate puts together this compilation of techniques and hoof care methods to help guide horse owners wanting to keep their beloved horses hooves healthy.
Taking over 5 years worth of research this book is sure to help any person hoping to take a direct and active role in hoof care.

Pre-Publish Price ONLY $25
Price $35.

E-book. No shipping fees - in PDF format. Print out to keep with your favorites! Keep your notes in the special JOURNAL section!


Expected Publishing Date: October 1, 2009.

haberlin's Herbals     haberlin's Herbals    haberlin's Herbals
Lots of instructional and educational photos and illustrations in
Keeping Track of Misty. Amazing!
haberlin's Herbals

Updated photos of Misty's Recovery here:
Four steps to heal stomach ulcers
Cynthia Colllins
haberlin's Herbals

      It is important to understand that these horses produce stomach acid 24/7, but these horses are producing excess stomach acid and you MUST CONTROL THE AMOUNT OF ACID in the stomach in order TO CONTROL THE DAMAGE TO THE STOMACH.  Ulcers are a result of damage done to the upper lining in the stomach by acid.  Omeprazole and the use of Calcium Carbonate will help you control it.  There are times you may need to use more, less, or none.  Only by observing your horse and it's behavior you can make these decisions.  Your horse is basically a living science experiment that you will need to monitor on a daily basis.  Please keep in mind, the medications do not heal the stomach.  L-Glutamine in cabbage and nitric oxide in pumpkin seeds will heal the stomach.  Oat flour will heal the intestine's that have also been damaged with the production of excess stomach acid.  It's important to use the medication and the feeds to heal the stomach and intestines as soon as possible.  Healing takes several weeks, but you will see changes in behavior as soon as the body starts to heal.

Wild Horse Round-Up
Monday, Feb. 20, 1939
Tens of thousands of "mustangs" and "fuzztails" - the wild descendants of horses that, have strayed from ranches - used to roam the vast sagebrush ranges of the U. S. Northwest. In wilder days, wild horse roundups were carried on periodically for the Portland, Ore. firm of Schlesser Bros., then the world's biggest packers of horsemeat.
In five years (1925-30) the Schlessers slaughtered some 300,000 head of outlaws, salted their meat in 51 -gallon barrels, shipped most of it to Holland and Scandinavia. Hooves, ears, tails were sold for glue and oil; ground bones and scraps for chickenfeed ; hides for baseballs and shoes ; blood for fertilizer; casings for German sausage. Then the day of the wild horse began to wane, and the Schlessers turned to packing beef.
As winter last week finally settled over the "horse heaven" country of central Washington, the weather-wise Yakima Indians had already finished their first wild horse round-up of the year, thus reducing by 200 the estimated 2,500 outlaws still remaining in Oregon and Washington.
Whooping like their warrior ancestors, the Indians rode their own cayuses in hot pur suit of the outlaws, chased them out of deep canyons into trap corrals, where long fences led them into bottlenecks.
Cattlemen and the U. S. Government have two principal reasons for desiring a clean-up of the remaining wild horses: it will save the range for livestock, remove the menace of the dread dourine (genital) diseases often found in wild horses.
- http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,760780,00.html

watch this video

Whisperers re-visited!
haberlin's Herbals

Few things are more certain in the horse world than that each age will produce its share of charlatans. These come self-packaged in a variety of garbs; whisperer, master, new-age spirit sage and cowboy guru - complete with hats, boots, bells and whistles.  The difficulty with this is also just as it was in ages past too - how to tell the good from the bad and the ugly!
So before committing to anything, typically the laying down of hard cash, how do we know whether the esoteric wisdom plied by this wonderful person is actually quite as wonderful as they suggest? Not everyone has the time to spend on lengthy research - and life can get pretty confusing for the poor horse that's expected to change with the whim of a caring owner hungry for knowledge, and carried away on the newest flight of fancy!
What we need is a rule of thumb we can run over these experts to check them out. So, take a little philosophy, add a touch of teaching methods, leaven with a sprinkle of critical reasoning - e voila - 5 simple rules.
Rule no 1. Empathy.
Empathy has to be the single most important quality for the horseperson - that precious sense of sympathy with the feelings of another creature - be it human or equine. Empathy with horses does not flower in isolation. Either a person shows empathy for all living creatures or, by suspending it for some, they discriminate.
  So what we should be expecting is that our 'Master' will show the same empathy towards people and other animals that they show towards horses. If there is going to be any suspension of empathy it is only a matter of time before it will be applied to some horses, in some situations.

Andy Beck, White Horse Ethology
deer tick
It's the time of the year here in New England when the ticks are just rampant! 12 YEARS AGO I remember my vet stating that he estimates that over 80% of all horses in this area have Lyme Disease - 12 years ago!

While some horses will actively exhibit symptoms others may not but still carry the disease.

It's important to get a strong handle on this awful condition.

Some good, basic info on Equine Lyme Disease can be found at the following links: http://www.lyme-disease-info.com/horses_lyme_disease.htm

with map of risk: http://www.equinevetservice.com/lyme.htm

On Equine Lyme Disease Testing: http://diaglab.vet.cornell.edu/test/factsheets/FSEquineLyme.pdf

On Dr. Stephen Tobin, DVM. - Curing Lyme with Homeopathics: http://www.thepenzancehorse.com/2007/BITSNPIECES/lyme&ledum.htm

I live in an area LOADED with deer and ticks. I think all critters, 2 legged and 4 legged have been bitten multiple times, I'm sure. Three times in the past 2 years I've found ticks and bullseyes on various parts of my body and so has my husband. My daughter contracted 3 of the Tick Diseases at once -- Lyme, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and Ehrlichia -- and the LEDUM Homeopathic treatment did the trick in all cases.

If your horse is exhibiting various odd symptoms rule out Lyme Disease with the simple blood test. Follow your veterinary treatment advised and also think hard about adding the Homeopathic LEDUM remedy as a complementary treatment. It can be used WITH the allopathic treatment.

Grooming and running your hands over your horse(s) at least once daily will go a long way in helping to prevent this disease. The Deer tick is tiny (about the size of the head of a pin) and is difficult to feel but it can be done. The sooner the tick is removed the less chance of your horse contracting Lyme Disease.

Talk to your vet. He/she can advise as to the best treatment and prevention for your location.

Hoof Rehabilitation Protocol

Debra R. Taylor DVM, MS, DACVIM

Ivy Ramey AHA Member

Pete Ramey AHA Certified Farrier

Introduction: We are fundamentally against attempting to "sell" or Trademark a particular method of equine hoof treatment. Any successful hoof care and rehabilitation program must allow the practitioner significant latitude for adapting to the individual needs of the horse and to the situation presented. The sole purpose of drafting this Hoof Rehabilitation Protocol is to identify and describe the materials and methods we used to treat the hoof problems presented for our rehabilitation and study.

Summary: This hoof rehabilitation system is based on the guiding principle that many equine foot diseases that result in lameness can be resolved simply by doing everything possible to increase overall hoof health. The combination of routine corrective trimming, veterinary care, environmental stimulation, therapeutic protective devices and detailed dietary management are used collectively to improve the foot health of horses with acute or chronic laminitis, hoof wall infections, wall cracks and caudal foot pain.

Laminitis, lamellar separation and coffin bone rotation: The primary mechanical force working to separate the laminae is considered to be the weight of the horse combined with peripheral loading (forcing the hoof wall, rather than the sole, to bear most of the weight). Peripheral loading has the effect of suspending the horse's weight and impact force from the laminae. We find this particularly destructive when the laminae have been damaged or weakened by acute laminitis. Additionally our therapy of laminitic horses is based on the concept that tension of the deep digital flexor tendon cannot result in stress to the laminae if the toe wall is not allowed to bear weight at impact, stance or during breakover. While tension of the deep digital flexor does exert a rotational force on P3, this force cannot oppose the laminae if the hoof wall remains out of contact with the ground.

We consider lamellar separation at the quarter walls (or anywhere around the perimeter of the foot) to be as significant as separation at the toe.  This is particularly important to understand when attempting to reverse distal descent of P3. When acute laminitis or lamellar separation is present, our protocol calls for reducing weight-bearing by the entire perimeter of the hoof wall (with the exception of the heel buttress) typically during the first 3-5 months of treatment (duration determined based on connection of new growth, sole thickness and comfort). This tends to immediately stabilize the dermal/epidermal laminae by removing mechanical separational forces, prevents additional rotation or sinking, allows new growth of well connected hoof walls, and can reverse distal descent of P3.

We believe that the sole resides in the optimum position to support P3, but successful support of P3 through the sole requires that the sole be unloaded during hoof flight. This is critical to prevent blood flow restriction and thus prevent solar corium injury.

When the sole thickness is < 12mm and/or when weight-bearing by the hoof wall is eliminated, excess pressure on the solar corium can result. Our system addresses this excess pressure with one or more of the following methods of solar protection:

    * Applying hoof boots with foam rubber pads and/or dental impression material.
    * Applying hoof casts to cover pads and/or dental impression material that are applied to fill the solar concavity and collateral sulci.
    * Glue-on hoof boots with dental impression material filling the solar concavity and collateral sulci.
    * Barefoot on yielding terrain including soft ground free of rocks, loose beds of 10cm deep pea gravel (5-8mm diameter stones) and/or 5cm deep sand.
    * If a solar perforation or defect occurs or if the sole under the tip of the distal phalanx is thin (i.e.,< 5mm), an air space is established under this region of sole by cutting material away from the hoof pad or impression material. Barefoot turnout is eliminated until adequate sole is grown.

Our primary requirements for laminitic hoof protection are: Little or no weight bearing by the hoof wall or laminae, and no rigid attachment to the hoof wall. With each method used the sole is protected, but pressure to the solar corium is released during hoof flight. Movement (and thus pressure and release to the sole) is encouraged to prevent ischemia to the solar corium.

The following dietary restrictions are recommended for each laminitic case:

    * Elimination of fruits, vegetables and other sweet or starchy treats  (See Link Noted at End of Article)
    * Elimination of grains and/or processed feeds (excluding concentrated vitamin/mineral supplements)
    * Partial elimination or complete restriction from pasture grazing (varies according body condition of the horse and size or health of available pasture)
    * Constant access to grass hay tested to 10% NSC or less (in some cases reduced to smaller, multiple meals as needed)
    * Mineral supplementation provided to balance nutritional content of hay/grass to meet NRC recommendations.

Heel height: Established subjectively using the following guiding principles:

    * 10mm maximum change [relative to the toe] to heel height at one session
    * Heels trimmed at (or beveled to) a 5-10 degree positive slope from a plane parallel to the solar plane of P3
    * Healthy (12+mm) callused sole thickness always preserved
    * Height and shape of the heels sculpted to prioritize caudal foot comfort and heel first impact
    * Approximate, eventual target of positive 5-10 degree P3 solar angle to the ground plane (exceptions readily allowed for various conformation issues)

Turnout and daily in-hand exercise are encouraged when laminitic horses have been trimmed, stabilized and have a heel first landing in boots. Riding in padded hoof boots is encouraged when all of the following are achieved:

         When the horse walks or trots comfortably in padded boots

         When the proximal half (new growth) of the hoof wall becomes well connected as indicated by physical and radiographic appearance of the hoof.

         When the sole thickness exceeds 8mm (as indicated by radiograph)

         If the booted horse moves comfortably and all feet impact heel first with the added weight of the rider.

Wall cracks and 'shelly' or weak hoof walls: We consider these problems to typically be the result of subclinical laminitis, dietary imbalance/excess/deficiency and/or inadequate hoof care. In short horses with these problems are treated identically to horses with acute or chronic laminitis cases as stated above. Additional treatment for fungal or bacterial infection of the hoof wall and connective tissue may be required.

Caudal Foot Pain: The relatively easy lifestyle horses enjoy in domestication typically does not foster complete development of the lateral cartilages, digital cushion, sole or frog corium. This in turn can cause both chronic heel pain and also a less severe 'sensitivity' that leads to toe first landing common in domestic horses. It is often the compensative toe-first landing that leads to lesions of the navicular bone, deep digital flexor tendon, coffin bone, and ligaments attached to the navicular bone [Robert M. Bowker VMD, PhD].

Under our Hoof Rehabilitation Protocol caudal foot pain (with or without radiographic evidence of disease) is treated as internal weakness or developmental deficiency of the caudal foot. Our working theory is that additional damage can be prevented by allowing/encouraging a heel-first impact. This is initially achieved by:

         Prioritizing the treatment of any painful frog sulcus infections

         Preserving natural frog thickness and callus

         Trimming the heels as stated above with an eventual target of positive 5-10 degree P3 solar angle to the ground plane (exceptions readily allowed for various conformation issues)

         Keeping breakover in a position [relative to the dorsal aspect of P3] that would exist with perfect wall connection and sole thickness.

         Providing hoof protection that decreases foot pain to promote a heel first landing and meets the requirements stated above.

 Once comfort and heel first impact are established, the internal development of the foot is encouraged by:

    * Keeping the horse barefoot (for turnout) and the feet routinely (every 3-6 weeks) trimmed/balanced.
    * Encouraging exercise/riding in padded hoof boots. Our working hypothesis is that the vertical flexion of the boot promotes lateral cartilage flexion/development, and the foam rubber pads stimulate development of the solar corium, frog corium and digital cushion. Barefoot riding is allowed only when comfort and heel first impact is achieved on the given terrain. Barefoot riding is then encouraged, as it tends to accelerate foot development.
    * Pea gravel loafing areas are provided in stalls, around gates, shade or watering areas the horse frequents. This stimulates and calluses the bottom of the foot while providing vertical support to P3 through the sole.
    * Turnout with pasture mates as much as possible to maximize movement, and thus maximize the stimulation of internal foot development.

The realistic goal is not to reverse the navicular pathology presented, but arrest its progression and to complete the development of the caudal portion of the foot. Implementation of this hoof care and husbandry system typically results in a wider, stronger 'more able' foot and a comfortable horse. The distinguishing advantage to this system for horses with caudal foot pain and 'navicular syndrome' is that soundness and usability typically increase over time and the need for protective or corrective devices decreases. Link to Auburn Studies introduction

HoofRehab.com  More Great Articles on Natural Hooves here!

NOTE:  Please go here: www.lavendersageequine.com to read about Diet and Laminitis.
I hope you've enjoyed this issue of PENZANCE EQUINE SOLUTIONS NEWSLETTER!  Please don't hesitate to contact me with any comments or questions. If there is a topic which you would like to see addressed in a future issue, let me know!  Simply send to caballus@charter.net

BLESSINGS & BE SAFE!                                    haberlin's Herbals

Gwenyth Santagate
Founding Owner
PENZANCE Equine Solutions
Douglas, MA, USA

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haberlin's Herbals
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